THE ROSE WINDOW

Chapter 3

EXPERIMENTS IN FORM - From Curvilinea to Flamboyant

Page 125 More examples

Page 132 Niederhaslach and La Grange Chapels in Amiens Cathedral

 Page 142 Amiens west

  Page 158 Palma

 Page 127 Amiens north

 Page 135, Caen, St Pierre 

Page 144-5 Flamboyant Invention

  Page 160 Valladolid

 Page 131 Cheltenham

Page 139 Dieppe, St Jacques and St Ouen, Rouen

 Page 154 Italy - post C13 wheels and roses

 Page 161 Betanzos

Page 125 Enclosed lancet forms

Nuremberg, Sées, Rouen, Amiens (north) and St Germain, Auxerre are illustrated in the book, but there are further examples of this form at :-

St Quentin

detail

Rethel - St Nicolas

Meaux

Laon, south (see The Rose Window p.261 for comments on this window)

detail

Winchester Cathedral

Page 127 Amiens north rose

This strange window with its pentagon in the centre is thought to date from 1329, but was rebuilt in 1777 and again in the nineteenth century


Page 131 St Mary's Cheltenham interior

The C19 glass is by Wailes 1876 and dedicated to Eleanor Thorp: the subject is "Worthy is the lamb". The window is strangely off-set from vertical.


Page 132 Niederhaslach and La Grange Chapels in Amiens Cathedral

This west window in the church (4 meters in diameter) is sometimes described as being flamboyant, but close examination reveals that it is in fact constructed from 28 trilobes and 9 quadrilobes and is thought to date from 1340-50. The building was started in 1300 and is said to be by the son of Erwin de Steinbach, the architect of Strasbourg cathedral. It was damaged in the Peasants War, again in the Thirty Years War as well as in 1638 by the Swedes who set it on fire. There was a general restoration 1853-69. A similar kind of structure can be seen at Valodolid in Spain (see p 160 in The Rose Window).


One of the rosettes in the chapels at Amiens cathedral of 1373 and 1378 also show similar kind of tracery; the other shows one of the first examples of the flamboyant appearing in France:-


Page 135, Caen, St Pierre and some other transition roses

The outside view of this window shows the structure more clearlly. A series of circles filling the main circle is not all that common in rose windows. Related forms from the C14 iclude the window at St Jean de Malte, Aix en Provence.

Clever use of geometric forms inherited from the Rayonnant exemplified here at Caromb, Bordeaux and at Mello.

St Pierre, Caen

Aix-en-Provence

Bordeaux Cathedral S

Caromb

Mello


Page 139 Dieppe, St Jacques and St Ouen, Rouen west

It is interesting to see the two alongside each other, one having been rotated 30 degrees with respect to the other:-

Dieppe, St Jacques, W

Rouen, St Ouen


Page 142 Amiens west

Here for completeness is the west window at Amiens. It is similar in date to the south window but ther are significant structural differences:

Amiens west rose

internal view

Amiens south rose


Page 144-5 Flamboyant Invention

The six flamboyant windows illustrated on these pages are just a few of the hundreds of designs that are to be found from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Click here for a few more!


Page 154 Italy - post C13 wheels and roses

The actual date for the Todi wheel window may be 1520, although the style is very much Tuscan of the C13/C14

Cremona Duomo has rose windows also in the north and south transepts. The north window has 13 spokes, continuing the idiosyncracy of the west window's unusual number of 26 and the 18 of the south window:-

Cremona, north window (13 divisions)

Cremona, south window (18 spokes)

Page 158 Palma

For an account of the rose windows in Palma cathedral see page 17 in the Introduction

Page 160 Valladolid

Despite the very flamboyant character of the surround of this rose the design of its tracery is reminiscent of some of the mid fourteenth century windows

Page 161 Betanzos

The east end of the chuch of San Francesc also has a rose with an interesting arved oculus surround

E w of San Francesc

better picture to come

The nearby church of Santa Maria del Azogue also has a fine west window